History of the origin of the Afghan hounds. The Afghan Hound is one of the oldest dog breeds, with roots stretching back millennia. Wall paintings of dogs of this breed date back to 2000 BC. These dogs are mentioned in the papyri of the Egyptians and probably existed even earlier, judging by some of the found fossils. The ancestor of the Afghan hound was a dog from Asia, which came along with the nomadic Indo-Europeans. The dogs were present at the founding of the Bactrian kingdom, which was located in the south of modern Afghanistan. After that, the Europeans began to migrate to the territory of modern Iran, and their faithful companions followed the people. Afghan hound dogs had a high position, because, according to the Koran, these dogs could be brought into the house, while dogs of other breeds were not allowed to be at home. The Afghan hound arrived in Europe only at the end of the 19th century – until that time, the dog existed in isolation from free crossing with other breeds. This allowed the Afghan Hound to acquire a unique appearance and staunch character. Fun fact: In 1907, the canine organization finally turned its attention to the unique Afghan hound. A dog named Zardin took part in a dog show, where he won the “Most Beautiful Dog” award. Interest in the breed flared up instantly, but there were not many valuable “clean” specimens of the breed in Europe. Breeders wanted to take Zardin for breeding, but he died early. New Afghan hounds arrived in Europe only in 1926. Then they received recognition from the English Kennel Club – the association that dominated Europe in dog breeding. The first exhibition of Afghan hounds bore fruit – a dog named Sirdar was chosen, which became the progenitor of many “European”
Afghan hound dogs. This breed gained the greatest popularity in the 80s of the 20th century.
Afghan Hound – breed description. Afghan hounds usually have a height of 60 to 70 cm, at the withers – the difference is not important. Much more important – body constitution, head position, position of the legs, stance and manner of movement in general. The head of the Afghan hound is long, elongated, thin. It is not rough or angular, all folds are smoothed out. The muzzle and skull are approximately the same length and height, although some breeders strive for maximum muzzle elongation. The skull merges smoothly to the muzzle, and the nose has a slight hump. The bite of Afghan hounds is both scissor-type and straight. Also, due to the narrowness of the muzzle, some teeth are sometimes missing. The eyes of the Afghan Hound are almond-shaped, slightly elongated at the corners and sometimes triangular. Interesting fact: Afghan hounds have a large earflap that almost reaches the nose, making them very sensitive to the slightest sound. The outer ears are of medium length, drooping. Afghan Hounds are tall, lean, dry dogs.
Their shoulders are inclined, long enough and brought back. Due to this structure, the front legs are directly under the dog, forming a narrow, convex rib cage. The peculiarity of the structure of the Afghan hounds is that the bones are not attached to each other by other bones – they are held together by strong muscles that are functional when running fast. At the same time, the bones of Afghan hounds are rather heavy and rounded. The pelvic part is slightly raised, the legs seem disproportionately long in comparison with the body. The body is also elongated. The tail is slightly rounded up – it is thin and long. The belly of the dog is tucked up, the body is very narrow in girth, the rib cage is with strong large lungs.
Popular colors of Afghan hounds. Afghan hounds have a long, silky coat that grows evenly throughout the body. The length of the coat from the back can almost reach the ground, so it sometimes makes the dog look larger than it is. No fur grows on the muzzle of Afghan hounds, while the ears that are overgrown with wool are often referred to as a “shock of hair.” The following colors are recognized as the breed standard: Light fawn. This is a platinum, golden coat color. The back, muzzle, ears, tail and paws are completely covered with this shade. However, small deviations from monochrome in the form of beige shades on the back, legs, neck and nose are also quoted. Fawn color. Combination of golden, platinum and white colors. As a rule, dogs of this color are unevenly pigmented. Platinum are the chest, legs, ears, belly and tail. Beige and gold are found on the back from head to tail, on the muzzle and at the base of the legs. In terms of showiness, this color of the Afghan hound is not inferior to the light fawn; The dark fawn color combines golden beige and dark beige shades. The back, neck, base of the tail, muzzle and paws of the dog are painted in dark, almost black shades. The belly, chest, neck, legs along the length, ears and the tip of the tail remain light; Light red color. This is a bright coat, colored in light red and its brighter shade. The back, muzzle, tail, and paws are usually brighter than the rest of the body. In the light of the sun, such a dog literally burns like fire; Red with blackening. Dirty gray with a red tint. Blotches of black hair are found on the back, ears and head, and the muzzle is painted in lighter shades; Gray-fawn dominoes are dark gray back, tail and ears, while the rest of the dog’s body is mousey or light gray. The color is rather dark and is quite rare; There are also Afghan hounds with a red coat. The color is similar to light fawn, but darker by several tones, which makes the dog almost fiery; The black and tan coat combines black and platinum coats. They are completely black dogs that have a lighter face, neck and chest. The character and habits of Afghan hounds.
Afghan hounds get along well in large families. They are playful, affectionate and obedient. However, dog handlers believe that Afghan Hounds are some of the stupidest dog breeds in the world. For centuries, these dogs have been bred as hunters who can drive fast prey, but not kill it. Therefore, Afghan hounds are really bad watchmen, they are often frightened by noisy sounds and do not rush to protect the owner from danger. Interesting fact: Afghan hounds have a well-developed hunting instinct, which follows from its thousand-year history of existence. It is worth keeping this dog next to you for a walk, because it can rush in pursuit of any small animal. Therefore, a dog should be trained from an early age so that it obeys its owner unquestioningly. At the same time, Afghan hounds are quite calm animals. They get along well with children and allow them a lot. Dogs of this breed are not prone to aggression and rarely show that they do not like something, which makes them very patient companions. But do not expect that they, like Labradors, will take responsibility for raising children. In addition, Afghan hounds have a sense of their own dignity. They do not bark over trifles, walk in a measured way, rarely express emotions of joy or aggression. It’s hard to piss them off, although young dogs are always ready to join the game. Adult dogs, on the other hand, play infrequently, but need regular exercise. Afghan hounds get along well with dogs of other breeds, even especially playful ones. They patiently endure the hustle and bustle, although they prefer to spend time in solitude and silence. Interesting facts about Afghan hounds. Dogs of the Afghan Hound breed were used to hunt not only hares and small game. Fast dogs quickly drove wolves, leopards, gazelles and even wild boars into ambushes. During the chase, the fearfulness of the dogs is dulled, so they do not give in to large animals. The long coat of Afghan hounds is very versatile. It allows dogs to develop tremendous speed thanks to its streamlining. In addition, wool provides competent thermoregulation – dogs do not freeze high in the mountains. And in a sandy desert, wool protects against sand and excessive heat. For a long time, Afghan greyhounds were jealously protected from European dog handlers.
Dogs were considered almost sacred, occupied an almost privileged position among the population. They were brought to England only after the Second World War, which kept the breed in breeding purity. Because of their slender long legs and excellent silky coat, Afghan dogs are called the models of the canine world. The Afghan Hound can reach speeds of up to 64 km / h at short distances, making it the record holder among dogs. This speed is the average vehicle speed. According to some legends, the Afghan hound was in Noah’s ark during the Flood.
The genotype of the Afghan hound is closer to wolves than to dogs. Indeed, if you completely trim this dog, it will remotely resemble a wolf. Pros and cons of Afghan hounds. Like all other dog breeds, the Afghan Hound has a number of advantages and disadvantages that should be considered before choosing a puppy of this breed. The pluses of Afghan hounds include: Balanced, calm character. Dogs are not hot-tempered, not overly active, calmly endure loneliness and do not make unnecessary sounds; Delicacy.
Rarely do Afghan hounds show dissatisfaction – as a rule, if they do not like something, they gently point it out. Because of their habits, dogs are even considered “elite” among other breeds; Exotic appearance. Many breeders give priority to this factor. Indeed, such a dog makes a great impression on others due to its appearance and demeanor; Good health. Afghan dogs did not interbreed with other breeds, but, at the same time, they lived in very harsh conditions, where maximum endurance and speed were required of them. This made the Afghan hounds resistant to many diseases; Good relationship with children. Although Afghan hounds may not be very playful as adults, they don’t mind tinkering with children. Due to their nature, they will never offend the child; Complete absence of aggression. They are indifferent to other dogs and animals, rarely show negative emotions towards people, and are very patient. The cons of Afghan hounds stand out as follows: Low intelligence.
This dog cannot be taught many commands, they are difficult to train and sometimes lazy; Willfulness, stubbornness. Sometimes intelligence is not at all the cause of poor dog training. Afghan hounds are very self-willed and independent, which also creates difficulties in training; Expensive care. These dogs require good food and impeccable grooming; Long walks. Since dogs are a hunting breed, they need to be walked for a long time and intensively so that the animal does not fall into depression; Poor security qualities. Dogs are peaceful and indifferent, so they will not be able to guard the owner or the house.
Breeding Afghan hounds.
Afghan Hound breeding should not be done by beginners. Only professionals who have gained enough strength and patience can choose the right dogs for mating, raise puppies and competently socialize them. If you decide to breed puppies on your own, then it is better to do this together with a dog handler. Dogs mature late – by about three years of age. The first mating of a bitch should occur no earlier than after the third heat, otherwise it will be difficult for the dog to bear offspring. Usually, Afghan hounds bring 6-8 puppies, but often there are multiple pregnancies – up to 15 puppies per litter. An important fact: From the first minutes in the house, the puppy must know where his place is. Also, do not pamper your puppy by regularly pointing out the rules of behavior and correcting deviations from normal behavior. You should not feed the puppy from the table, you should not allow him to enter prohibited areas.
It is also worth training a puppy from early childhood at home.
The first step is to teach the command “no”, because in the future you will have to pronounce it often. The commands “to me” and “place” will be important, because at a young age the dog will be ready to rush after any small animal. If you are planning to raise a dog for shows, then you should work on a course for training hunting dogs. This is how Afghan hounds will socialize competently, learn to interact with other dogs and will be able to understand the owner’s commands perfectly. Caring for Afghan Hounds. It is not difficult to understand that these dogs need to be carefully and carefully looked after in order for them to remain healthy and beautiful. The coat of dogs is thin and silky, so it should be brushed several times a day with special soft brushes with fine teeth. In caring for the coat of this dog, it is best to use the services of professionals, as it is easily tangled and tangled. Simple products are also not suitable for the care of Afghan hounds: A special shampoo that will gently remove dirt from the dog’s coat and skin; Conditioning balm that will give the coat shine and the hair structure – strength; Specialty stores sell wax that needs to be treated with the soft wool of Afghan hounds. It will prevent the wool from falling into tangles, will repel small particles of dirt, which will allow you to bathe your dog less often; You also need to buy special wet wipes that can be used to treat the dog’s coat and skin.
It is important to wipe your eyes and ears as they are also prone to clogging; Several brushes are required when caring for an Afghan Hound: a soft natural bristle brush, a small comb with fine fine teeth, and a comb with large, sparse teeth; In addition to grooming, Afghan hounds need to have their claws trimmed at least twice a month, otherwise the dogs may knock them off and infect them. You can understand that it’s time to cut the claws by the characteristic clatter of the dog on the floor. The diet of Afghan hounds.
If you are raising a puppy for shows, then it is undoubtedly better to give preference to premium ready-made food. It is worth buying them on foreign sites that specialize in the nutrition of the Afghan hound breed. Due to individual characteristics, even premium ready-made food may not be balanced enough for this breed. Feeding with natural food is a complex activity that requires careful selection of food. You need to feed these dogs three times a day: morning, afternoon and evening. Fresh water should be poured several times a day as dogs often drink. Food should be served in small portions, each of which contains the required amount of healthy ingredients.
The following foods should be included in the diet: Fresh, lean meats such as chicken, beef Boiled vegetables – zucchini, beets, carrots, pumpkin, cabbage. You can give raw cucumbers and tomatoes; Heart, liver, lungs – chicken and beef offal; Ground beef, thoroughly ground, boneless; Low-fat kefir, fermented baked milk, yoghurts; River fish and seafood rich in iodine – no more than once a week; A boiled egg should be given twice a week as a calcium supplement; Raw apples and pears; From cereals – only buckwheat, rice and wheat. Dogs should never be table-fed. Of the products, pork and turkey are contraindicated, as well as sweets, pastries, salted and smoked foods, and potatoes. Diseases and health problems.
The Afghan Hound dog has excellent immunity and is not susceptible to many diseases. However, the lifespan of these dogs is only 8-13 years, which is catastrophically short even with proper care. Afghan hounds rarely catch colds and are almost immune to any viruses. Most diseases are somehow related to the physiology of dogs: Volvulus of the stomach or intestines. This is due to the weakening of the ligaments that support the internal organs. It is difficult to predict this disease, it appears suddenly, it is treated only by emergency surgical intervention by a veterinarian. An urgent operation saves many dogs of this breed from death; Caroid myopathy is a structural change in the heart walls. It develops among dogs engaged in sports activities that regularly experience physical activity.
To prevent the disease from appearing, physical activity must be normalized and regulated; Chylothorax is a disease associated with the filling of the pleural cavity with fluid, which consists of fat and lymph. This disease is characteristic of the Afghan breed and manifests itself mainly in old age, although with poor care it can develop at any age; All kinds of skin diseases that are caused by insufficient hair care are not uncommon. Mats can trigger eczema, dermatitis and demodicosis. Such diseases are not difficult to treat, but it is better to regularly check up with a veterinarian; Myelopathy is a pathology that can be either congenital or acquired. It is characterized by damage to the spinal cord. It is very difficult to diagnose it; at a later stage, dogs are usually euthanized; Hypothyroidism and other abnormalities in the functioning of the immune system are also common in Afghan hounds; Sometimes Afghan hounds suffer from cataracts and other diseases of the retina. In general, diseases in this breed are rare and easy to predict. Regular examination by specialists and proper care will protect your dog from almost any disease. Afghan hound.
price and how to buy correctly.
Afghan hound costs no less than 100 U.S dollars. It is best to buy puppies from kennels with all vaccinations and documents. On various sites there are advertisements for the sale of Afghan hound puppies costing from 100 U.S dollars. But, even if the puppies are truly purebred, they can have many congenital abnormalities. Dogs crossed with Afghan hounds also show poor health and low social qualities. If you want to buy a dog of this breed, then you should not save on the puppy and its maintenance. Afghan hound puppies look ugly, so choose a puppy with a professional breeder who can determine the potential of this or that dog. Often kennels provide buyers not only with documents for the puppy, but also offer food, consult and assist in every possible way in moving the dog to a new home. Puppies move at the 12th week of life. This is the easiest way for them to endure separation from their mother and quickly get used to the new environment.
The Afghan Hound is a graceful dog whose movement and appearance attracts attention. Due to their proud and calm nature, as well as posture and rich appearance, they have acquired the status of “model” dogs. Despite the fact that these dogs have good immunity, they are demanding in care and need competent and responsible owners.